Japanese martial arts can be divided into two large groups – traditional martial arts techniques passed down through the centuries and today’s Budo, practiced like sports. Let’s take a look at the typical subjects of Japanese martial arts to see the characteristics of a long-standing Japanese martial arts culture.
Karate (No Goalkeeper)
In the past, only people in Okinawa practiced this. After the Meiji Restoration (1868) Karate was popularized throughout Japan and after World War II, spreading to other countries. Karate has more than 3,000,000 disciples in Japan and about 30,000,000 people around the world.
Karate is a Japanese martial art that has both offensive and defensive stances. Attack techniques include hitting, punching, and kicking. There are corresponding defensive techniques to counter these attacks. The competition may be a series of Kata boxing pieces that show a variety of techniques or freelance craftsmanship. Some Karate dojo do not practice a single Kata exercise. Karate was originally a Chinese boxing practice developed in Japan in Okinawa.
Judo (Nhu Dao)
In 1882, Kano Jigoro founded the Jutsu based on the traditional Jujutsu (Jutsu).
Nhu Dao is a form of fighting without weapons, overpowering the opponent with techniques such as throwing, pressing, clenching, or locking joints. The biggest difference between Jiu Jitsu and Jiu Jitsu is that, in Jiao Jitsu, players are allowed to punch, kick, and shove the opponent, while in Jiu Jitsu these movements are forbidden because of danger.
Kendo is a competitive sport. Marking at certain areas of the opponent is graded, the competitor uses a bamboo sword (shinai) up to 118 cm in length. Swordsmen use four types of tools to protect their bodies – a Glaze (Mask), a Do (Chest Armor), two Kotes (hand and arm guards), and a Tare. waist). Like Western swordsmanship, traditional Japanese swordsmanship has become a modern sport. Western swordsmen hold steel swords with one hand, while Japanese swordsmen hold Shinai bamboo swords with both hands.
The Japanese like Kendo as well as Jitsu, so this subject has about two million students. Like Nhu Dao, kendo is a school curriculum and is often practiced as an extracurricular activity. The Kendo Federation was established in 1970 and currently has about 8 million people practicing kendo outside Japan. If you have free time, you can overcome the conditions of Japanese labor export to try this martial art. It will help you train your health and perseverance a lot.
Naginata (Dance Dance)
Aikido (Hiệp Hiệp Đạo)
The Air Way was codified by the founder of Ueshiba Morihei in 1922 based on the techniques of the Daito Aiki tribe of Jiuzhaigou. The objective is to counter an attack with the opponent’s own strength. Many martial arts require the use of limbs such as wrist locks, elbows, or any other opponent’s joints, then throwing or pinning him down.
Shorinji Kempo (Japanese Kung fu)
Shorinji Kempo led by Michiomi studied the fighting techniques of the Monks at Shaolin Temple, a Zen Monastery in China, and developed these techniques into a new martial art later. World War II. Boxers use techniques related to arms and legs such as attorneys and charges.
During training there are protective devices for the body and the students can freely attack and defend themselves. When competing, students wear martial arts uniforms like Zen monks (because this practice is considered part of meditation practice) and only perform the Kata. About 1,300,000 Japanese and 150,000 in other countries practice the Japanese Shaolin martial art.